Health Checkup – Clinical conditions & your symptoms
Heart Disease Risk
Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death both in the UK and worldwide; unfortunately many people with heart disease are not aware of their risk factors until it’s too late:
• Heart and circulatory diseases cause more than a quarter of all deaths in the UK, accounting for more than 179,000 deaths each year (British Heart Foundation)
• Coronary Heart Disease by itself is the most common cause of death in the UK. In 2010, just below one in five male deaths and one in ten female deaths were from the disease
• In the UK, there are an estimated 2.3 million people living with Coronary Heart Disease and around 2 million people affected by angina (the most common symptom of coronary heart disease)
Coronary heart disease is the term that describes what happens when your heart’s blood supply is blocked or interrupted by a build-up of fatty substances in the coronary arteries. Over time, the walls of your arteries can become furred up with fatty deposits. This process is known as atherosclerosis and the fatty deposits are called atheroma.
What we can check?
We can check your Lipid panel, triglycerides and glucose and analyse it with the other health information provided at the screening, we can produce you with a risk score that can estimates your likelihood of suffering coronary heart disease.
We can also offer further tests by checking your heart’s rhythm using an ECG.
Heart Rhythm function
A stroke is a serious, life-threatening medical condition that occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off.
There are two main causes of strokes:
• Ischaemic – where the blood supply is stopped due to a blood clot (this accounts for 85% of all cases)
• Haemorrhagic – where a weakened blood vessel supplying the brain bursts
There is also a related condition known as a transient ischaemic attack (TIA), where the supply of blood to the brain is temporarily interrupted, causing a ‘mini-stroke’ often lasting between 30 minutes and several hours.
There are around 110,000 strokes in the UK every year:
• Stroke is the 3rd leading cause of death in the UK
• The brain injuries caused by strokes are a major cause of adult disability
• Around 800,000 people in the UK have an irregular heart rhythm function, of which atrial fibrillation is the most common
• Having an irregular heart rhythm increases your risk of stroke up to 5 times because it can increases blood clot risk
• Your risk of atrial fibrillation increases above the age of 50
• Symptoms can be hard to spot and in some cases the condition is completely asymptomatic
Your heart rhythm health check will help you understand more about the rhythm of your heart and the electrical impulses that keep it beating in time.
What we can check?
Type 2 Diabetes
In the UK, diabetes affects approximately 3.1 million people. The charity Diabetes UK estimates that around 630,000 people in England have diabetes, but haven’t been diagnosed:
• Diabetes causes an individual’s blood sugar level to be too high
• There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Type 2 diabetes is much more common and occurs when the body doesn’t produce enough insulin to maintain normal blood glucose level (hyperlink to more explanation about type 2 diabetes)
• Around 80% percent of cases of Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed by maintaining a healthy weight, eating well and being active.
• Many people have type 2 diabetes for years, but as the early symptoms tend to be general they don’t know about it.
• Diabetics are up to 5 times more likely to suffer from heart disease or have a stroke
• Diabetes is also linked to a range of health problems such as nerve damage, eye damage, kidney disease and foot ulcers
What we can check?
What is type 2 diabetes?
When humans eat carbohydrates the body responds to any digested sugars with insulin. Insulin serves as a regulator to the amount of sugar in the blood. Every time we eat, our pancreas is triggered to release insulin. In a healthy body, the insulin release will be replenished by the nutrients in the food and the necessary time to refill. However, the standard diet of fast food, chips, candy, and soda keeps the pancreas releasing insulin at a tremendous rate and your cells start getting used to having insulin in them. When the cells are used to insulin they don’t listen to its signals to lower the blood sugar and the blood becomes more and more sugary. This type of diabetes is known as type 2.
Cholesterol is a fatty substance carried around the body by proteins. When cholesterol and proteins are combined, they are called lipoproteins. High levels of cholesterol increase your risk of serious health conditions.
• Approximately 50% of UK adults have a total cholesterol level above the governments recommended guidelines
• High cholesterol can increase your risk of stroke, heart attack and atherosclerosis (narrowing of the arteries)
There are two main types of lipoproteins:
Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) is known as the bad type of cholesterol and High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is known as the good type of cholesterol.
Too much bad cholesterol (LDL) in your blood can cause fatty material to build up in your artery walls. The risk is particularly high if you have a high level of bad cholesterol and a low level of good cholesterol.
Many factors can cause high cholesterol such as family history, age, high blood pressure, ethnicity, diet and other lifestyle habits.
Blood cholesterol levels are measured with a simple blood test. This results will include a lipid panel that breaks your cholesterol readings of LDL (bad cholesterol), HDL (good cholesterol) and triglycerides (other fatty substances) in your blood. This is much more detailed than a finger prick cholesterol check. Bronze package – Silver package – Gold package – Further health assessments
Ovarian cancer affects approximately 6,500 women in the UK yearly and is the fifth leading cause of cancer death in women.
The ovaries are part of the female reproductive system that produce eggs every month during a woman’s reproductive years. Ovarian cancer occurs when cells in the ovary grow and divide uncontrollably. The cells may form a tumor on the ovary. In some cases, they can break off from the main tumor and spread to other parts of the body.
It is difficult to diagnose ovarian cancer because early symptoms such as general abdominal discomfort or loss of appetite can be associated with other illnesses. Further health assessments – Ultrasound Now female pelvis scan
What we can check?
We can perform a simple blood test and the results will be analysed for your CA-125 levels. In 90% of women with ovarian cancer CA-125 levels will be raised. A raised level does not diagnose ovarian cancer and more test will be offered if the CA-125 level is raised.
It’s the most common type of cancer in men. Around 37,000 men in the UK are diagnosed with prostate cancer each year. Most men with early prostate cancer do not have any symptoms.
What we can check?
We can perform a simple blood test, known as a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, measures the level of PSA and may help detect early prostate cancer.
A raised PSA level can be a sign of prostate cancer but in many cases it is caused by something less serious such as a urinary tract infection or inflammation of the prostate.
We will recommend you to discuss it further with our health screening advisor to decide whether this test is right for you. Further health assessments